Milan pact

A WORLDWIDE PACT

The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact (MUFPP) or, in short, Milan Pact, is the first international protocol concerning food at municipal level. Present and future signatory cities undertake to work to develop sustainable food systems that are inclusive, resilient, safe and diverse, that provide healthy and affordable food to all people in a human rights-based framework, that minimize waste and conserve biodiversity while adapting to and mitigating impacts of climate change’.

The initiative was started during the Universal Exposition 2015 in the city of Milan, and in coordination with the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The Pact has been signed by 133 cities worldwide so far. In October 2016, after a voting process, València was chosen as the city in charge of organizing the 2017 MUFPP Annual Gathering and Mayor’s Summit to take place here from 19 – 21 October 2017. We expect all signatory cities of the Milan Pact will attend the event and we are inviting other cities from Spain and around the world to join us in our efforts.

CITIES OF THE PACT

Initially signed on 15 October 2015 by a considerable number of cities, the Milan Pact has constantly increased its adherents ever since. As of today, this is the list of cities which have committed to its principles:

  • Abidjan – Ivory Coast
  • Algers – Algeria
  • Antananarivo – Madagascar
  • Arusha – Tanzania
  • Banjul – Gambia
  • Brazzaville – Republic of Congo
  • Dakar – Senegal
  • Douala – Cameroon
  • Johannesburg – South Africa
  • Luanda – Angola
  • Lusaka – Zambia
  • Maputo – Mozambique
  • Nairobi – Kenya
  • N’Djamena – Chad
  • Niamey – Niger
  • Nouakchott – Mauritania
  • Praia – Cape Verde
  • Qardho – Somalia
  • Tunis – Tunisia
  • Windhoek – Namibia
  • Yaounde – Cameroon

Central America

  • Guatemala City – Guatemala
  • Tegucigalpa – Honduras

North America

  • Austin – United States of América
  • Baltimore – United States of América
  • Chicago – United States of América
  • Mexico City – Mexico
  • Miami – United States of América
  • Montréal – Canada
  • New York – United States of América
  • Pittsburgh – United States of América
  • San Francisco – United States of América
  • Toronto – Canada
  • Vancouver – Canada
  • West Sacramento – United States of América

South America

  • Belo Horizonte – Brazil
  • Bogota – Colombia
  • Buenos Aires – Argentina
  • Chanchamayo – Peru
  • Córdoba – Argentina
  • Curitiba – Brazil
  • Guarulhos – Brazil
  • La Paz – Bolivia
  • Las Juntas – Argentina
  • Mar del Plata – Argentina
  • Medellin – Colombia
  • Mendoza – Argentina
  • Porto Alegre – Brazil
  • Quito – Ecuador
  • Rio de Janeiro – Brazil
  • San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca – Argentina
  • Sao Paulo – Brazil
  • Sucre – Bolivia

Asia

  • Astana – Kazakhstan
  • Beijing – China
  • Bethlehem – Palestine
  • Chongqing – China
  • Colombo – Sri Lanka
  • Daegu – South Korea
  • Dubai – United Arab Emirates
  • Guanghzou – China
  • Hebron – Palestine
  • Kyoto – Japan
  • Moscow – Russian Federation
  • Osaka – Japan
  • Seoul – South Korea
  • Shanghai – China
  • Tel Aviv – Israel
  • Toyama – Japan
  • Yeosu – South Korea

Oceanía

  • Melbourne – Australia
  • Almere – Netherlands
  • Amsterdam – Netherlands
  • Ancona – Italy
  • Athens – Greece
  • Barcelona – Spain
  • Bari – Italy
  • Basel – Switzerland
  • Berlin – Germany
  • Bilbao – Spain
  • Birmingham – United Kingdom
  • Bologna – Italy
  • Bordeaux – France
  • Bruges – Belgium
  • Brussels – Belgium
  • Bucharest – Romania
  • Cagliari – Italy
  • Catania – Italy
  • Cologne – Germany
  • Copenhagen – Denmark
  • Denia – Spain
  • Firenze – Italy
  • Foggia – Italy
  • Frankfurt am Main – Germany
  • Genève – Switzerland
  • Genova – Italy
  • Ghent – Belgium
  • Grenoble – France
  • Haapsalu – Estonia
  • Henares – Spain
  • Las Palmas de Gran Canaria – Spain
  • Ljubljana – Slovenia
  • London – United Kingdom
  • Lugano – Switzerland
  • Lyon – France
  • Madrid – Spain
  • Malaga – Spain
  • Marseille – France
  • Menorca – Spain
  • Mieres – Spain
  • Milan – Italy
  • Modena – Italy
  • Molfetta – Italy
  • Montpellier – France
  • Nantes – France
  • Oviedo – Spain
  • Palermo – Italy
  • Pamplona/Iruna – Spain
  • Paris – France
  • Parma – Italy
  • Riga – Latvia
  • Rivas Vaciamadrid – Spain
  • Roma – Italy
  • Rotterdam – Netherlands
  • Sacile – Italy
  • s-Hertogenbosch – Netherlands
  • The Hague – Netherlands
  • Thessaloniki – Greece
  • Tirana – Albania
  • Torino – Italy
  • Udine – Italy
  • Utrecht – Netherlands
  • Valencia – Spain
  • Venezia – Italy
  • Villanueva de la Canada – Spain
  • Vitoria-Gasteiz – Spain
  • Warsaw – Poland
  • Wien – Austria
  • Zagreb – Croatia
  • Zaragoza – Spain
  • Zurich – Switzerland

Cities and Food

Cities have, in this historical moment, a responsibility to work and improve the nutrition of people who live in them. In this sense, the Milan Pact proposes several dozens of definite and varied actions of universal implementation, ranging from urban gardens or the introduction of food policy councils to the revision of school canteens, campaigns on healthy food, etc.

The actions promoted by the Pact are organized around six specific pillars:

  • Improving the context to facilitate sustainable food.
  • Encouraging sustainable diets among citizens.
  • Looking for social and economic equity in the environment.
  • Planning actions focused on food production in urban and peri-urban areas.
  • Improving access to local and seasonal foods.
  • Looking for ways to limit food loss and waste recovery.

Milan Pact and FAO

The Milan Pact was promoted and it is strongly supported by FAO (the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). This organization, having worked for more than six decades on the eradication of malnutrition, proposed, a few years ago, to improve food systems in large cities, where old and new food problems coexist (malnutrition, but also obesity, lack of healthy diets, food waste, and so forth).

Browsing the Text of the Entire Milan Pact

COMMITMENTS OF THE CITIES


The cities that have signed the Milan Pact agree to review and amend existing urban food policies, in order to encourage equitable, resilient and sustainable food systems. Participation is voluntary and there is no obligatory catalogue of what needs to be done. However, the strategic framework of the Milan Pact establishes six main areas with 37 actions to be implemented by the cities depending on their territorial contexts.

Further, participating cities exchange on good practice and each year the Milan Pact Awards honor those cities with the best practices in sustainable food management. These practices can inspire other cities to follow the same path and they include successful examples such as the reduction of food waste, the setting up of soup kitchens, urban gardens, the introduction of food policy councils, healthy diets in schools, information campaigns on healthy food and so forth.

The Secretariat of the Milan Pact regularly sends surveys on questions of sustainable food to those cities which have signed the Pact. The results are collected in a database which is continuously growing and which also includes good practices in sustainable food management.

Despite the non-binding nature of the Milan Pact, many cities have requested to identify measurable indicators. Therefore, the Secretariat of the Milan Pact, with the technical support of the United Nation’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO),is currently developing a monitoring framework to assess the progress made by cities in achieving more sustainable food systems. In December 2016, a call was published to invite cities to participate in the pilot monitoring activities.

Credit:  Alessandra Benedetti; Giuseppe Carotenuto, Città di Milano.